Thursday, August 27, 2020
Business - Essay Example It additionally takes note of how changes all through the venture will be made and effected1. AÃ¢ four year money related task has net incomes of $20,000; $25,000; $30,000; and $50,000 in the following four years; it will cost $75,000 to execute the undertaking. On the off chance that the necessary pace of return is 0.2, lead a limited income count to decide the NPV On the off chance that the computations depend on the numeric model, at that point Ms. Portillo can audit her minutes and make an examination with the genuine figures of the budgetary period to discover everything. After which she can counter check the computations again after re-rushing to affirm the expectation precision of the model. Guarantee a uniform procedure model is utilized by all the directors notwithstanding learning on the best way to execute them. She ought to likewise give evaluating to guarantee the figures are right. What's more, she ought to likewise target decreasing the odds of blunders from happening by empowering irregular examining of the choices that are
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Buyer Motives for Charity Donations 1. Presentation Buyer intentions and conduct into giving to good cause by and large is a point that is known to have an absence of research, making an issue of equivocalness for magnanimous associations. Most research existing depends on cause related promoting, the agreeable partnerships among noble cause and enterprises to pick up good cause subsidizing, yet little inside and out research exists on the region of individual financing from purchasers as gifts. With figures from 2001 demonstrating that the best 25 UK organizations gave Ã £102 million to good cause, with as much as Ã £31 million for every gift, it is apparent that it is most presumably the case that the level of noble cause financing comes from companies, at any rate for the bigger enterprises with numerous vital unions in the division (Smith J. , n.d.). In spite of the fact that this ought not imply that different zones of financing ought to be ignored; especially in a general public where social duty is developing in significance. Besides, disregarding this region of financing could in the long run change the whole concentration and structure of good cause, keep the individual buyers separate from the condition through and through. In any case, of highest significance is the way that as expressed by Patrick Cox, Chief Executive of the Small Charities Coalition, Ã¢â¬Å"cash gifts are typically the essential wellspring of raising money pay for little organisationsÃ¢â¬ , proposing that an inability to effectively comprehend shopper conduct could prompt the diminishment of the little foundation (Critchly, 2009). Be that as it may, likewise considered inside this examination is the issue of purchaser trust in giving, regardless of whether customer convictions of misallocating financing, administration, and formality is a huge factor in good cause size inclinations. Consequently this report effectively researches customer thought processes in close to home individual magnanimous commitments, looking at whether these intentions vary by the size of the association; in this exploration size is characterized by the focal point of the foundation, being nearby based, national based or universal based, accordingly concentrating on where the assets are put rather than the genuine numerical size of the association. The theory to be tried is that shopper conduct markers change as indicated by the size of the association. Be that as it may, this examination might be founded on the donative non-benefit unit of the causes, implying that it will just research the noteworthiness upon singular buyer commitments, and no different zones of financing, for example, enterprise or other authoritative or administrative subsidizing. Moreover, this exploration won't consider the commitments made as inheritances. The examination itself depends on a model of beneficent giving conduct, which has been shaped in light of different models of shopper conduct, yet additionally considering the data accessible in the field of altruistic purchaser conduct. The model thinks about the territories of authoritative sources of info, mental connection, purchaser certainty and experience close by a choice of outward determinants, in particular buyer segment factors. Quantitative research techniques as an online study are embraced to test this model, where 196 respondents are addressed. It becomes obvious that this examination venture has an enormous scope regarding points and destinations and what it is attempting to demonstrate. This examination can be viewed as a littler adaptation of the master plan, as in as a general rule the examination would be a lot bigger scope, with numerous analysts on board to research the subject. A UK wide investigation is commonly a huge task as far as the measure of research should have been led, anyway given the asset confinements of this examination, the outcomes found will simply give a knowledge into contrasts and patterns, for scientists to put together further examinations with respect to. Notwithstanding, this investigation is viewed as of highest significance in adding important customer conduct research to the field, a field where studies are when all is said in done scanty. 2. Writing Review A non-benefit association is ordinarily characterized as one which has a Ã¢â¬Å"non-conveyance constraintÃ¢â¬ (Hansmann, 1987, p. 28) , permitting firms to make surplus benefits, anyway not to appropriate money related assets to controllers of the association as profits and such, however to hold benefits for different assignments. This thought is imperative to the comprehension of monetary, budgetary and customer elements of the segment. As Powell and Steinberg (2006) explain, the hypotheses and models encompassing the financial aspects of the non-benefit area make a lot of disarray, since the fundamental thoughts of benefit augmentation don't matter, and it is accepted that any deviation from this perfect is viewed as market disappointment. It is hard to accept that buyers, with their typically narrow minded financial thought processes, can have as a general rule such unselfish intentions. Anyway the case these thought processes can be connected to satisfying a buyer emotive need . While the non-dispersion requirement fills in as a definition, it isn't really consistent with the real world, since in the non-benefit part operational costs sum and the issue of rising authoritative and gathering pledges costs gets clear in todays media. Regulatory expenses, while unavoidable, are absolutely thought to be over the top in the business, maybe causing doubt among purchasers. It is believed that customers anticipate that the organization should beneficent use to be 20:80 (Kahler Sargeant, 2002); anyway investigate by Harvey and McCrohan (1998, refered to in Kahler Sargeant, 2002) found that buyers are happy with at least 60% of incomes arriving at the last end cause, making one wonder that if this is without a doubt the case, is shopper trust in noble cause financing such an issue?Ã¢ Ã¢ Either way, it is positively the situation that purchasers are kept in obscurity on the ideal degree of pertinent expense and effectiveness edges. Heightening issues further, the body for directing the UK good cause area, the Charity Commission, as Ã¢â¬Å"the sanctions for wasteful conduct are not automaticÃ¢â¬ (Levaggi, 1995, p. 285).Ã¢ Administrative expenses contrasted with all out use seem to have a negative connection to the size of the cause, implying that the regulatory expenses are higher as a rate when uses are less as can be found in the figure underneath. This is maybe not the regular conviction of purchasers, with littler foundations being viewed as less inefficient by customers, demonstrated by an overview started by Third Sector (Wiggins, 2010). Despite endeavoring to disengage shoppers real convictions, mentalities and suspicions, look into by NFP Synergy has affirmed that most people inside the UK open don't believe in magnanimous associations, with certainty dropping by 9% to just 41% (Hummerston, 2008). The association of Ã¢â¬Ëfor benefit organizations with Ã¢â¬Ënon-benefit associations is ordinarily as cause related advertising, which as per Varadarajan and Menon is Ã¢â¬Å"the procedure of figuring and actualizing promoting exercises that are portrayed by a proposal from the firm to contribute a particular add up to an assigned reason when clients participate in income giving trades that fulfill authoritative and individual objectivesÃ¢â¬ (Varadarajan Menon, 1988, p. 60). This type of deliberate commitment is bound to happen with the bigger foundations instead of the littler ones; moreover it must be viewed as that the eagerness to contribute and the inspirations backing the choice is a lot of various to that of a general shopper, since in spite of the fact that buyers are persuaded that organizations take part in Corporate Social Responsibility for good aims, obviously the main concern is benefit boost. As per Hansmann (1980), the non-benefit division can be isolated into two unique types of associations as per their elements; donative and business non-benefits, and it is the non-circulation requirement which makes certainty that the cash is as a rule ingeniously and appropriately apportioned. Anyway since the administration isn't outwardly observed to be directed by the buyer who gives, there could be issues with contract disappointment, or if nothing else saw contract disappointment; this is believed to be less of an issue with bigger associations as the sheer administration structure makes sure about certainty (Wiliamson, 1979). However regardless there exists an enterprise contract and legitimate structure to give confirmation. In spite of the fact that it must be scrutinized that due to the non-dissemination limitation in bigger organizations while benefits are not scattered among the board, there would be an a lot more extensive structure of representatives, and thus compensat ion and bureaucratic structure. Furthermore, this vagueness of the establish of financing has all the earmarks of being a typical reason for worry among shoppers, with look into indicating that 51% of the UK open would give more on the off chance that they knew where the cash is spent (Wiggins, 2009). Existing examination into the buyer conduct of noble cause connected items will in general be explore dependent on the field of cause related showcasing, as opposed to the individual end buyers social attributes into items that are not connected with Ã¢â¬Ëfor benefit organizations, for example, gifts and association marked buys. Present research exclusively into non-benefit associations will in general be founded on business non-benefits, for example, nursing, medical clinic care and training foundations, where results and administration can unmistakably be seen and obviously demonstrated. Up to this point, on account of non-benefits overall, investigation into the impacts of item type and gift greatness on ability to contribute by Strahilevitz (1999) found that the impact of item type, decadent or utilitarian, is influenced for the most part by enormous gifts instead of little gifts; Illustrating the possibility that co
Friday, August 21, 2020
Personal History Essay Samples - How to Use ThemA personal history essay sample is an excellent way to start when writing a college-level English class. In fact, you may find the exercise to be so enjoyable that you might want to incorporate it into your grade structure in the long run. You see, a personal history essay sample is perfect for those times when you have a bit of writing experience and no formal writing lessons under your belt.Because the personal history essay is such a different beast than any other type of essay, it's best to get a lot of help when you begin writing. Fortunately, this is no longer a particularly difficult task to do. Instead of having to fight the constant judgment of professors who only have time for the high-profile or popular students, you can now benefit from the thousands of essay writing resources that are available on the web.When you're choosing essay samples to use, one of the things you should be looking for is 'authorship.' If you're writin g for a class, you'll probably find it best to write from the point of view of an expert. This is especially true if the professor of the course is known to be hard on his students. Remember, his students are not his audience.The point is to use the author's voice. Of course, some people who write professionally will object to this suggestion. But in truth, the best essays are the ones that are not written from the perspective of the writer but rather, from the perspective of someone else, someone who would have understood the essay in context and wouldn't have had the author's pedantic biases.And that's exactly what we mean by personal history. If you really want to make sure that your essay reads like a first-class piece of writing, don't be afraid to write from the perspective of the person who is directly involved in the events it is about. That's because this viewpoint has the advantage of being accurate and it has the advantage of not subjecting your reader to any future bias, such as your own.If you want to find a good source of essays that you can use for personal history, there are many available online. Some of them include examples of the sort of essays that you can read on the Internet, which will give you some idea of what to expect. By reading these samples, you can become familiar with writing for the different kinds of essay and thus become better prepared to write your own.There are many types of essay samples, many of which are designed for specific purposes. You can find essay samples that show different kinds of personal history, including factual essays, fiction essays, and analyses. And you can also find essay samples that show how to present various events or interviews, which is particularly useful if you're planning to use your personal history essay as a chapter in a broader work of literature.Personal history essay samples come in many different styles and you can use any of them to learn the craft. What's more, if you're already wri ting on a subject that has already been covered, then you can get fresh ideas from various sources, as well. And finally, if you're still struggling with writing a personal history essay, then you can take advantage of all the free writing help that is available online.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Youve probably heard the term undecided major (also referred to as an undeclared major) tossed around in a conversation about going to college or choosing a career path. In reality, undecided isnt actually a major at allÃ¢â¬âyoure not going to get a diploma with the word printed on it. The term is a placeholder. It indicates a student has yet to declare the degree they plan to pursue and hope to graduate with.Ã (Reminder: Your major is what your degree is in. So if youre an English major, you graduate from college with an English degree or a Bachelor of Arts in English.)Ã Fortunately, even though the term sounds somewhat wishy-washy, being an undecided major isnt necessarily a bad thing in college. Eventually, youll have to settle on a degree youd like to earn and make sure youre taking the required curriculum, but many schools allow you use your early terms to explore. Undecided: Before College When youre applying to schools, many (if not most) institutions will ask what youre interested in studying and/or what youd like to major in. Some schools are pretty strict about knowing your major before applying for admission; theyll make you declare your major before you even enroll and simply dont accept undeclared majors. Dont freak out if you havent chosen a career path before youve graduated high school. Other institutions are more lenient and might even look favorably upon an undeclared student as someone who is open to learning about new things before committing to one course of study.Ã Of course, youll want to have some idea what you want to do before you choose a school: Youll want to make sure your college of choice has strong offerings in your area of study, otherwise you might not get what you need from your education. On top of that, college can be very expensive, and if youre thinking about pursuing a career that doesnt pay very well, it may not be a good idea to take out student loans to attend a pricey institution. While you certainly dont have to commit right away, dont overlook the importance of incorporating your career ambitions into your school choice. How to Go From Undecided to Declared Once you arrive at college, youll likely have two years before you have to decide your major. Most schools require you declare your major by the end of your sophomore year, meaning you have quite a bit of time to take classes in different departments, explore your interests, try something new and possibly fall in love with a topic you never thought about before. Being an undeclared major doesnt have to indicate you arent really interested in anything; it can actually indicate that youre interested in a lot of things and want to be deliberate about making your choice. The process of declaring a major varies by school, but youll probably want to sit down with an academic adviser or go to the registrars office to figure out what you need to do to make it official and plan your courses. Remember: Youre not necessarily stuck with what you choose. Changing your major isnt a decision to take lightlyÃ¢â¬âit could affect your graduation plans or financial aidÃ¢â¬âbut knowing you have options could take some of the pressure off your decision.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Even with the passage of laws that guaranteed equality there were still many racial tensions during, before and after the war years. The large scale movement of African Americans from the South to the industrial centers in the North led to local confrontations over jobs and housing shortages. The Federal government feared a major race war could result. Luckily large scale disturbances did not happen, however there were instances of race riots in 1943 Detroit, and a series of anti-Mexican riots in Los Angeles during the same year. Despite all of these problems, the city of Vanport was officially integrated. The schools were mixed with all of the different ethnic and racial groups, and so were the churches and recreational facilities. Because of this, African Americans were able to form several organizations that helped them protect and expand their rights (citation). Several organizations came to prominence in the Portland area during the war time. Several of the groups that came of age were the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), The Urban League, the Office of Vocational Opportunity and the Committee on the Inter-Racial Principles and Practices. These organizations sought to provide a voice for PortlandÃ¢â¬â¢s black residents through education, employment programs, legal representation and the promotion of civil rights and liberties. Some of these organizations, notably the NAACP are still around today. (citation). After World War II ended,Show MoreRelatedThe Rise Of The Civil Rights Movement1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessegregations. Out of the numerous elements that arose in the 1960s, there are three movements that truly affected the American society. Firstly, the rise of the civil rights movement was greatly influenced by racial discrimination of colored people in the South. Secondly, the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s movement aimed to convince the society that women are capable of achieving and maintaining higher waged job like males. Lastly, the gay rights movement aimed to gain acceptance and stop discrimination of homosexuality. The mostRead MoreThe Folk Music Of The Civil Rights Movement1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesResponse Paper #4 The folk music of the Civil Rights Movement Ã¢â¬Å"came out of tradition, common experience, and generations of resistanceÃ¢â¬ (Dunaway 2010: 140). The songs used throughout the movement derived from the shared experiences and struggles of African Americans while connecting Ã¢â¬Å"the gentle, idealistic world of folk music and the integrationist world of civil rightsÃ¢â¬ (Dunaway 2010: 145). Songs, such as Ã¢â¬Å"We Shall OvercomeÃ¢â¬ , were put through the folk process, where a song is passed on and alterationsRead MoreThe Great Leaders Of The Civil Rights Movement1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages They seem to be forgotten until they are highlighted once again. Another example of a person that was not really highlighted for their actions is Nina Simone. She made an impact on the Civil Right Movement that not many other artist or celebrity would have done. When you think of the Civil Rights Movement the first three that come to mind of course are, Martin Luther King Jr., Malco m X, and Rosa Parks. So, when someone hears the name Nina Simone the two most common responses might be Ã¢â¬Å"WhoÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreSocial Movements : Black Civil Rights2647 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesSocial movements are vital to the establishment of our societies, and they way we are governed. Social movements help the less privileged band together to create a stronger voice among a sea of political correctness and unlawfully rule that the public supposedly have to abide by without question. Movements create this new form of platform that, if done successfully, are able to create a worldwide frenzy where people from across all walks of life, including politicians, academics, the less fortunateRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement911 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Civil Rights Movement: Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. changed history not only for African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s, but for all who live in the United States. Martin was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. As a child Martin attended many public segregated schools throughout Georgia until he graduated at the age of fifteen. Following high school, Martin Luther King Jr. attended many colleges such as, Morehouse College, Crozer Theological Seminary, and Boston University. While studyingRead MoreCauses Of The Civil Rights Movement954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesquote was very much true. Post civil war times were hard on African Americans. Even though at the time they were considered free, they were often criticized and discriminated against. Finally, shootings, brutality, and unfair treatment were enough. In an effort to end racial segregation and discrimination against African-Americans all over the country, they took a stand. This was known as the Civil Rights Movement. There were many interesting events that cause d this movement. The three main causes thatRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement Essay1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil Rights Movement Ã¢â¬Å"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.Ã¢â¬ This was a speech by Martin Luther King Jr. Even one hundred years after slavery was banned, African Americans were still being treated unfairly. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the most famous leaders of the Civil Rights movement in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. The Civil Rights movement was a movement of AfricanRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement Essay1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The civil right movement refers to the reform movement in the United States beginning in the 1954 to 1968 led primarily by Blacks for outlawing racial discrimination against African-Americans to prove the civil rights of personal Black citizen. For ten decades after the Emancipation Proclamation, African-Americans in Southern states still live a rigid unequal world of deprive right of citizenship, segregation and various forms of oppression, including race-inspired violence. Ã¢â¬Å"JimRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement Essay1190 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Civil Rights Movement The 13th amendment, passed on the first of January, 1865 abolished slavery throughout America. Although African Americans were considered free after this amendment was approved, they still had a long and arduous struggle to absolute freedom. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964, segregation in the United States was frequently used throughout many of the Southern and Border States. Schools, bathrooms, libraries, and even water fountains were segregated. Though there wereRead MoreCivil Rights Movement Essay797 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Civil Rights Movement, also known as the American Civil Rights, was a mass movement during the 1950s and 1960s. It was one of the most intricate social movements of mankind. The Civil Rights Movement was a period where African Americans did not have the same equal rights or treatment as the whites. Instead, African Americans were segregated from whites by not going to school together, having to sit in the back of the bus, not being able to move freely, or not having the right to vote. Over the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Organized religion is a duality between the religion and the church which represents it. Sometimes the representation of the religion is marred and flawed to those who view it because of the bureaucracy contained within. Unknown to those who gaze upon the dissolved morals and values of what is perceived to be the contradiction known as modern religion, it was never intended to be this way. Most religions started off as a sect, a minor detail on the fringes of the society it never wanted to represent. Rastfarianism is such a sect. The differences between Rastafarianism and a normal Ã¢â¬Å"mainstreamÃ¢â¬ religion are numberless, including: no set membership, no authoritative leader, no offices of authority, no trained clergy and no involvement withÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He saw African civilization as anterior to all others and used bible verses which were easily interpretable to portray Africans as the chosen people mentioned in the bible, as in Psalm 68: Ã¢â¬Å"Princes shal l come out if Egypt and Ethiopia shall stretch forth his hands onto GodÃ¢â¬ (Barret 78). GarveyÃ¢â¬â¢s persistence culminated in the crowning of Ras Tafari as Negus of Ethiopia. He took the name Haile Selassie and added Ã¢â¬Å"King of KingsÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"Lion in the Tribe of JudahÃ¢â¬ , placing himself in the legendary line of King Soloman, and therefore, in the same line as Jesus Christ of Roman Catholicism. Out of this came Rastafarianism which took over Jamaica at a time when it was Ã¢â¬Å"in a low tide economically and socially. Socially, people experienced the brunt of the Depression as well as disaster due to a devastating hurricane. Politically, colonialism gripped the country and the future of the masses looked hopeless. Any doctrine which that promised a better hope and a better day was ripe for hearingÃ¢â¬ (Barret 84). Weber analyzed conditions such as these as a theodicy of suffering. Ã¢â¬Å"One can explain suffering and injustice by refrying to individual sin committed in former life, to the guilt of ancestors . . . to the wickedness of all people. As compensatory promised one can refer to hopes of the individual for a better life in the future of this world or to the for the successors, or to a better life in the hereafterÃ¢â¬ (Weber 275). In other words, those who are disadvantaged in aShow MoreRelatedA Sociological View of Rastafarianism3718 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesthe religion is marred and flawed to those who view it because of the bureaucracy contained within. Unknown to those who gaze upon the dissolved morals and values of what is perceived to be the contradiction known as modern religion, it was never intended to be this way. Most religions started off as a sect, a minor detail on the fringes of the society it never wanted to represent. Rastfarianism is such a sect. The difference s between Rastafarianism and a normal mainstream religion are numberlessRead More Nature in the Rastafarian Consciousness Essay example3436 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesNature in the Rastafarian Consciousness Living in harmony with the environment and the laws of Nature is one of the central ideas of Rastafarianism. To live in accordance with the Earth is to live in accordance with Jah; it is incorporated into the morality that is Rastafarian consciousness. The Rastas reverence for nature is influenced by the traditional African religions which are still practiced in Jamaica and which have also influenced Christianity on the island tremendously. Hinduism, tooRead MoreEssay Webers Approach to Religion and Sociology1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Webers general approach to sociology is known as verstehen sociology; that human action is directed by meaning and that action can only be understood by appreciating the world-view of the social actor concerned. Since religion is an important component of the social actors world-view, religious beliefs can direct social action, and hence bring about social change. In The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber explores the relationship between religiousRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 Pagesus to survive and thrive This page intentionally left blank Foreword One of the most useful things about Ennis Edmondss Rastafari: From Outcasts to Culture Bearers is that it correctly traces the connection between the emergence of Rastafarianism and the history of resistance and black consciousness that has been part of the Jamaican experience for years. The truth is that there has always been a committed Jamaican counter- culture that celebrates and sees redemption in Africa and rejectsRead MoreSlavery in Latin America vs Us3432 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesabout many changes, with respect to African-Americans and black culture. Those changes had long lasting effects, not only on how blacks view and are viewed in society, but also on how the destruction of our culture influenced our current life-style today in United States and Latin America. Skin color is still an important factor in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, due to the sociological affects from slavery, which started over 500 years ago. After the conquest, Latin America was referred to as the New World,
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
In reality immigration is very beneficial to the Canadian economy. Canada is highly reliant on immigration to keep its economy growing. Also immigration increases productivity. And finally, the biggest benefit of immigration is that immigrants increases demand. In comparison to most developed countries, Canada has a very low population. With an area of 9 985 000 km2, it only has a population of 34 957 779. 4The United States for example on the other hand has an area of 9 827 000km2 and has a population of 311 591 917. 4 Like many other countries Canada also has a declining birth rate. Some reasons for this are, women focusing more on their careers, rather than starting a family, couples having children later in life as a result of delayed marriage, or have less children as not as many children are need (children were needed in the past to work on farms, and as many didnÃ¢â¬â¢t survive the first five years of life, couples had many in hopes some would survive), no longer need of male heirs, etc. Due to declining birth rates without immigration, CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s population would be increasing at declining rates. Immigration contributes greatly to the growing Canadian population. Refer to figure 1) Canada has a current birth rate of 1. 9* in comparison to the birth rate of Canada in 1960 which was 3. 9 children per woman. 5 (Refer to figure 2) 42. 2% of the population is baby boomers. 7 (Refer to figure 3) As the baby boomers get ready to retire Canada should have more than enough young people ready to replace and support them. The ratio of retirees to workers should ideally be 1:8. 10 Canada was pretty close when the baby boomers were between the ages of 13-19 with the ratio standing at 1:6. 11 Today the ratio is 1:3. 1 If the was 1:1, it would mean more job availability. But on the contrary it would also mean, higher taxes, as money is needed to support the retiring and for pensions, also it would mean employers have less choices when hiring worker (if there is only one appl icant, qualifications hold no importance) and finally a 1:1 ratio would make it difficult for the population and economy to grow. If immigration is not allowed if immigration is not allowed in Canada, CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s future would be much like that of japan. JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s current population is 127 817 2274 and is expected to drop to 87 million by 2060. 4 (Refer to figure 4) Japans economy is now struggling as it has a birth rate of 8. 38/100015 and an ageing population of 23. 9 %. 16 (Refer to figure 5) The ratio of japans retirees to workers is 2:1 this means there are only 2 working people available to support 1 retired. 16 Andrew Coyne, a columnist in the National Post proposed, Canada should increase its immigration to 850 000 a year, and David Baxter, an expert Demographer who interviewed for the Globe and Mail believes Canada should increase its population to Ã¢â¬Å"avoid the unspeakable: a population that stops growing. 18 Although this seems very extreme currently, it may ve ry likely happen according to current reports sometime in the future. As according to recent research immigration is more of a Ã¢â¬Å"needÃ¢â¬ than a Ã¢â¬Å"luxuryÃ¢â¬ (want), to the Canadian economy, but there are definitely some Ã¢â¬Å"luxuriousÃ¢â¬ benefits gained from it. In comparison to Canada who only allows in of 240 000 to 265 000 immigrants annually3, The United States allows in 651 000 immigrants a year. 12 This can be a leading cause as to why The United States has had a great economy for the greater part of the decade until the recent four years as immigrant increase productivity. The United States ranks number 4 on top economies in the world, Canada ranks 7. 13 As entrepreneurs immigrate in to a country, more jobs are created. It is very beneficial when along with the entrepreneurs from the existing population and entrepreneurs who have immigrated in, create jobs for the Canadian population. 15 854 of immigrants entering Canada are entrepreneurs. 19 Spain for example has an unemployment rate of 37. 9%. 20 (Refer to figure 6) A reason for this can be that Spain has an immigration rate of 5. 02/100020 (Refer to figure 7) Only 12. 7% of SpainÃ¢â¬â¢s population are entrepreneurs. 1 Is Spain allows more entrepreneurs to immigrate into the country unemployment rates may go down. Along with creating jobs, another benefit of a large population from a business view is more people willing to make investments into the country. As immigrants and born citizens both invest into local or national businesses, CanadaÃ¢â¬Ës businesses can produce more due to increase in mo ney amounts. This benefits the consumer as well because according to the law of demand, as producers are able to produce more, supply is increased, as supply increases prices decrease, hence allowing more consumers to purchase the product. This by default gives the producers higher revenues. 22 Also although immigrants are entitled to government services, like health care, education, pensions, social services, and such, they like the rest of the Canadian citizens, they must also pay taxes. The belief that legal immigrants abuse welfare and government services is actually false. In reality studies show that only a small portion of immigrants use government service: free medical 5%, unemployment insurance 4%, food stamps 1%, welfare payments 1%. 3 More people paying taxes can lead to two main possibilities. One, taxes are lowered as there is a greater number of people paying them. This is beneficial to the general population. Or two, there is an increase in government revenue. Depending on what the government decided to do with the increase in revenue, it can benefit the population; if invested into the country, or it can benefit the government sector; if used to increase government salary. In either case it benefits the nation, and the people of the country. Finally, one of the biggest benefits of immigration is that immigrants increase demand. As the population increases, demand increases as well. Basic need like food, clothes, etc. must be bought. As demand increases for basic needs, producers make a greater profit as more of the product is sold. If the product in inelastic for example fuel, producers make a much greater revenue. Compare figure 1 to figure 8, as population has increased, so has demand. For example population of Ontario is expected to increase by 37. 4%. 4 The demand for houses a basic need (shelter) is increasing. (Refer to figure 10) An increase in demand for houses also means more houses need to be built in order to increase supply. This means that workers need to be hired for this purpose. Therefore an increase in demand also creates jobs, if producers choose to increase supply. Along with basic needs, immigrants also increase a demand for luxuries. Like citizens, immigrants require much the same things for example cable and phone services, material objects, furniture, cook ware, etc. If the demand for a ertain luxury good is high and elastic prices will go down. This will benefit consumers as for the low prices, and the producers as for the increase in revenue. In the supply and demand sector a greater population will have a positive effect on Canada. People often immigrate to Canada or a country like Canada, in hopes of a better life style, job and education opportunities, and health care reasons. As members of the United Nations, UNICEF, and strong believers in human rights, we as Canadians should accept immigrants and allow people the chance to come out of poverty. Also we should be more accepting of immigrants as they provide the nation with many benefits, like the increase in population, increase in entrepreneurial skills, and finally the increase in demand. In comparison to what immigrants take form citizens in the Canadian economy the offer up much more. The effects of immigration on the Canadian economy have thus far been positive and according to recent research will continue to be so. *birth rate of Canada in 2009 show in table, but birth rate in Canada has not changed since 2009, 1. 9% is applicable to 2012 according to figure: 1b6.